Here we talk about the most common type of solids. Use them on daily basis. If you stop for a second and look around you, you will notice that most of the objects that you have are either made up of metals or contains a metal. For example, your watch has metal components, and your... Continue Reading →


During the wintertime in case you are blessed enough to be in a place where it's snowing, if you are like most school kids, you get pretty excited about snow days. On your day off, you might go outside and play in the snow as you watch the snowflakes fall. When a snowflake lands on... Continue Reading →


This category of solids have very much to do with our food. We literally eat Ionic Solids. But let's dive deeper a little bit. WHAT IS A IONIC SOLID? By definition of the word “ionic”, indicated that we are dealing with something that is obviously related to, or involves ions. A ION is a particle,... Continue Reading →


Solid is the 1st state of matter and also the most studied and used. Anyone entering into materials science engineering the 1st stage of study starts with learning and understanding solids. In my previous article I was briefly introducing the concept of SOLID, what is it, how does it occur and what are it main... Continue Reading →


The Periodic Table of Elements currently contains 118 elements we have knowledge about, yet the element 118 is definitelly not the last one. The same I can say about the states of matter. Before anything else let's recall the definition of matter. MATTER is referred to as anything that has mass and occupies space. So... Continue Reading →

The Clouds – Why clouds are mostly white?

Recalling my trip to New York by plane back in 2019, as I gazed out the window into the whiteness, I found it hard to reconcile a cloud as being fundamentally liquid. The individual droplets that make up a cloud are of course too small to see, but they are also transparent. So why are... Continue Reading →

The Clouds – Why clouds are neither pure nor innocent and how humans can artificially create them?

I use to travel by plane every year, sometimes for holiday; sometimes for business. Everytime when I am up there I take a look out of the window and I see the clouds just below the plane I am in. They appear to be objects, sometimes fluffy as if made of wool, and sometimes denser,... Continue Reading →

The Chocolate – The most deliciously engineered material on Earth_Part 2_ Where does the Chocolate comes from?

Chocolate is a key ingredient in many foods such as milk shakes, candy bars, cookies and cereals. It is ranked as one of the most favourite flavours in North America and Europe. Despite its popularity, most people do not know the unique origins of this popular treat. Chocolate is a product that requires complex procedures... Continue Reading →

The Chocolate – The most deliciously engineered material on Earth_Part 1_How Chocolate is made?

Materials Science is not only about the ingredients from which objects are made but is also about what we eat. As I am from Belgium, I would like to tell you about our number one product we proudly spread around the world which is CHOCOLATE. It is our national product and let me also mention... Continue Reading →

THE ART OF COFFEE – How to make a good Coffee?

After Water and Tea, the 3rd one most consumed drink must be the coffee. At some point I am tempted to put coffee in the same position as tea as both being the 2nd most consumed drinks on the planet. Like Tea, coffee is also an art. You must know how to make a good... Continue Reading →

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